Until the 1960s, when intersex children were born, the people around them—parents and doctors—made their best guess and assigned the child a sex. Sometimes the intersex people experienced harassment and discrimination as a result of their atypical traits but many lived well-adjusted lives as adults.During the 1960s, however, and based largely on the unproven recommendations of a single prominent psychologist, medical norms in the US changed dramatically.As detailed below, there have been changes in practice in recent years, with many doctors now advising against surgery on infants and young children.
Until the 1960s, when intersex children were born, the people around them—parents and doctors—made their best guess and assigned the child a sex. Sometimes the intersex people experienced harassment and discrimination as a result of their atypical traits but many lived well-adjusted lives as adults.Tags: Essayer Imparfait L'IndicatifFood Supply Chain Phd ThesisNursing Essay On ConfidentialityHow To Write A Interview PaperEssay Introduction OutlineLaundromat Business Plan Sample
Procedures that could be delayed until intersex children are old enough to decide whether they want them are instead performed on infants who then have to live with the consequences for a lifetime.
Intersex people are not rare, but they are widely misunderstood.
The chromosomes, gonads, internal or external genitalia in these children—intersex children—differ from social expectations.
Around 1 in 2,000 babies is different enough that doctors may recommend surgical intervention to make the body appear more in line with those expectations.
© 2017 Human Rights Watch Reader Advisory: This report contains graphic descriptions of traumatic experiences, often affecting children.
Intersex people in the United States are subjected to medical practices that can inflict irreversible physical and psychological harm on them starting in infancy, harms that can last throughout their lives.
Ruth told Human Rights Watch: “After my vaginal repair surgery, I had my first encounter with a truly compassionate and candid doctor.
He told me ‘I’m not sure what you have, but if I can see your medical records I can explain it to you.’”Ruth drove to the office of the endocrinologist who had treated her throughout her childhood and requested her records.
Some intersex traits—such as atypical external genitalia—are apparent at birth.
Others—such as gonads or chromosomes that do not match the expectations of the assigned sex—manifest later in life, such as around puberty.