Sections are an important tool to structure the answer of an essay.
Often, within a section, you’ll have a number of paragraphs discussing the same issue from a number of different perspectives.
A section can be treated, in some ways, as if it was a mini essay in itself.
Rather than stating that “this is an example of white-collar crime,” you may say “tax avoidance is a good example of white-collar crime, because…” By so doing, you demonstrate the importance of the example, you highlight how and why it is important, and most importantly, maybe, you avoid that the examples take over.
If the illustrations take over, your reader will be unclear about why you included the examples.
This box contains a selection of useful phrases you can use in your essays.
You can use these words and phrases to connect the different bits and pieces of your text into a coherent whole.Particularly when a section is long, or where the link to the next section is not immediately apparent, it might be useful to write one or two sentences to summarize the section.This will indicate to the reader how far we have come in developing the argument, but also remind him or her, why we have bothered to write a section in the first place.It does not suffice, if you are aware of how a particular paragraph is focused on your task: you need to show the relevance to your reader.There are little phrases, such as “this example illustrates that”, helping you with this task.The reader should not be puzzled as to what the link is between problems of measuring the transmission of social disadvantage on the one hand, and sibling data on the other.Phrases that link different sections can be understood as mini introductions and mini conclusions.It is an interesting and catchy sentence which has a deep meaning and helps a writer introduce the main idea. When writing the main part of the essay, it’s important to keep the argument and illustrations in balance. Too many, on the other hand, make the argument disappear.The trick is to include illustrations to bring the text alive, but link them tightly with the argument.Some courses and tutors may ask you to include subheadings (as used in this book); some institutions even have explicit recommendations on their use.Subheadings can be a good way to structure an answer into sections.