Catherine, near Bath, Somerset), English economist and demographer who is best known for his theory that population growth will always tend to outrun the food supply and that betterment of humankind is impossible without stern limits on reproduction.Tags: Dissertation Completion FellowshipsSeparation Of Power EssayData Analysis EducationAnnotated Bibliography Nursing ArticlesMalaria Research PaperSolving Word Problems With Quadratic Equations
Malthus had a profound impact on social and political theorizing.
His ideas have been used to support restrictions on immigration and to support birth control, although Malthus himself opposed artificial means of limiting births. A selection of papers presented in 1980 at the International Conference on Historical Demography.
Malthus’s work reined in economic optimism, helped to justify a theory of wages based on workers’ minimum cost of subsistence, and discouraged traditional forms of charity.
(1762) may have been the source of the elder Malthus’s liberal ideas about educating his son.
He also drew on information he had collected on two trips to Europe, in 17.
He frequently drew comparisons with China, which he felt clearly exemplified the operation of the principle of population.Malthus’s ideas played an important part in the intensive debate then occurring in England as to the appropriate welfare policy for the nation.His ideas clearly contributed to the attitudes of the politicians who reformed England’s welfare system in the “New” Poor Law of 1834.Using some of the new statistical data, Malthus demonstrates how the mathematical model underlying the principle of population would operate.In the first twenty-five years, the population and the food supply could very well increase at the same rate, from one to two; but in the second twenty-five years, the population...(The entire section is 675 words.) In attempting to make policy recommendations on the basis of his principle, Malthus first recommended abolishing the existing poor laws, under which indigent persons could receive financial support from public funds.At a certain date in the future, such support should end, and the indigent be told to look for help from private charities.The young Malthus was educated largely at home until his admission to Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1784.There he studied a wide range of subjects and took prizes in Latin and Greek, graduating in 1788.However, a major benchmark was the data on population in the United States, enumerated in the 1790 and subsequent censuses.The average growth of the population of the United States indicated that, where no shortage of farmland existed, the population would double in twenty-five years; indeed, in some frontier communities, as quickly as every fifteen years.