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Each reviewer reads the manuscript, writes a critical but constructive review, and sends the review back to the editor along with his or her recommendations.The editor then decides whether to accept the article for publication, ask the authors to make changes and resubmit it for further consideration, or reject it outright.
Reviewing the research literature means finding, reading, and summarizing the published research relevant to your question.
An empirical research report written in American Psychological Association (APA) style always includes a written literature review, but it is important to review the literature early in the research process for several reasons.
Most professional journals in psychology undergo a process of double-blind peer review.
Researchers who want to publish their work in the journal submit a manuscript to the editor—who is generally an established researcher too—who in turn sends it to two or three experts on the topic.
They are usually published monthly or quarterly in individual issues, each of which contains several articles.
The issues are organized into volumes, which usually consist of all the issues for a calendar year.The research literature in any field is all the published research in that field.The research literature in psychology is enormous—including millions of scholarly articles and books dating to the beginning of the field—and it continues to grow.Double-blind peer review is helpful because it ensures that the work meets basic standards of the field before it can enter the research literature.However, in order to increase transparency and accountability some newer open access journals (e.g., Frontiers in Psychology) utilize an open peer review process wherein the identities of the reviewers (which remain concealed during the peer review process) are published alongside the journal article.In general, scholarly books undergo a peer review process similar to that used by professional journals.The primary method used to search the research literature involves using one or more electronic databases.Wikipedia contains much valuable information, but the fact that its authors are anonymous and may not have any formal training or expertise in that subject area, and its content continually changes makes it unsuitable as a basis of sound scientific research.For our purposes, it helps to define the research literature as consisting almost entirely of two types of sources: articles in professional journals, and scholarly books in psychology and related fields.Empirical research reports describe one or more new empirical studies conducted by the authors.They introduce a research question, explain why it is interesting, review previous research, describe their method and results, and draw their conclusions.