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The average goal for those states is now set at 13 percent.But if states in that region up the percentage of renewable energy in their mix to 19.5 percent instead, it would result in .5 billion in health benefits in 2030 compared to .8 billion in costs.California boasts the cap-and-trade system policymakers have looked to as a model elsewhere, but critics have found evidence that it could concentrate emissions in lower-income neighborhoods and communities of color closest to polluters that buy up the most carbon credits.
The MIT team strategically honed in on local measures that can be taken even as Trump rolls back federal action on air quality and climate change.
His administration is facing a massive lawsuit filed by 22 states and seven local governments challenging his Affordable Clean Energy Act, which would weaken emissions standards for coal plants.
Doubling their renewable usage to about to about 26 percent of their total energy mix would lead to $20 billion in health benefits versus $9 billion in costs to implement.
The team used a framework combining economic and air pollution models to arrive at their conclusions.
They suggest that more use can be made of the similar profiles of diurnal output levels from solar-based renewables and the daily electricity demand curve; and that integration of a distributed system utilising a variety of renewable energy sources will have the capacity to provide reliable power on a continuous basis.
This paper investigates the degree to which renewable sources of generation can deliver power, including baseload power.“States are leading the way right now,” Dimanchev said.“That’s where climate policy is taking place and renewable energy policy is largely taking place.” But there are still state battles, too, especially in the Rust Belt.As the pollution rates diminish, so should lung cancer, heart attacks, and strokes among people living there.That, the researchers say, could also reduce the medical bills and lost wages associated with those health effects, which leads to their estimated benefits of .7 billion in 2030 if current standards are adopted.The research team predicted even bigger health benefits if states enact carbon pricing — a market-based climate strategy that in this case would entail capping the amount of companies industry can put out, and allowing them to trade carbon credits with each other.The caveat is that carbon pricing is more politically volatile compared to renewable portfolio standards.Most of Australia’s electricity is generated from coal-fired power stations.The role of renewable energy in present and future energy scenarios is commonly portrayed as marginal owing to the perception that it is often generated in remote areas distant from major centres; and that it is mostly intermittent in nature and cannot deliver a reliable and continuous level of power to match continuous demand, or ‘baseload’.And that was before the Trump administration’s push to revive the struggling industry.But if those states switch to more renewable energy, air quality will improve.