In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, allowing the Kansas and Nebraska territories to decide for themselves using popular sovereignty whether they wanted to be free or slave.By 1856, Kansas had become a hotbed of violence as pro- and anti-slavery forces fought over the state's future to the point where it was nicknamed "Bleeding Kansas." The widely reported violent events were a small taste of the violence to come with the Civil War.
The Supreme Court ruled that his petition could not be seen because he did not hold any property.
But it went further, stating that even though he had been taken by his "owner" into a free state, he was still a slave because slaves were to be considered the property of their owners.
To deal with this, Congress passed the Compromise of 1850, which basically made California free and allowed the people in Utah and New Mexico to choose for themselves.
This ability of a state to decide whether it would allow slavery was called popular sovereignty.
The Fugitive Slave Act was passed as part of the Compromise of 1850.
This act forced any federal official who did not arrest a runaway slave to pay a fine.Women from various religious orders were also recognized caretakers of the sick having experienced epidemics, natural disasters and prior wars.About 600 sisters from 12 Catholic orders served in the Civil War.This was the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850 and caused many abolitionists to increase their efforts against slavery.This act also prompted more activity along the Underground Railroad as fleeing slaves made their way to Canada.Southern women also answered the call, primarily by helping with their individual states’ needs, many on a personal basis, as only four Confederate states had formal relief agencies.Two of the most notable women worked in Richmond, Va.: Mercy Street’s Mansion House Union hospital in Alexandria, Va.Mary Phinney von Olnhausen’s (1818-1902) "Adventures of an Army Nurse in Two Wars" gives a glimpse into the life of a Union nurse and was an inspiration for Mercy Street. Kelly is a former history and social studies teacher, and the author of two history books, one on Colonial life and the other on American Presidents. Du Bois wrote—is often given as a one-word answer for the cause of the Civil War.One of the most publicized events in Bleeding Kansas was when, on May 21, 1856, the Missouri pro-slavery activists known as the "Border Ruffians" sacked Lawrence, Kansas, which was known to be a staunch free-state area. Pro-slavery Congressman Preston Brooks attacked the abolitionist Senator Charles Sumner with a cane after Sumner had given a speech condemning the pro-slavery forces for the violence occurring in Kansas.One day later, violence occurred on the floor of the U. In 1857, Dred Scott lost his case that argued that he should be free because he had been held as a slave while living in a free state.