Nuclear Engineering Essay

Generating electricity in nuclear reactors is cheaper than electricity generating from oil, gas and coal, not to speak of the renewable energy sources!Nuclear power plants provide a stable base load of energy.

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The initial construction costs of nuclear power plants are large.

On top of this, when the power plants first have been built, we are left with the costs to enrich and process the nuclear fuel (e.g.

It is possible to fuel nuclear power plants with other fuel types than uranium.

Thorium, which also is a greener alternative, has lately been given an increased amount of attention.

The basic gist is this: By separating an atom into two lighter atoms, there is a net loss of mass.

This mass is not exactly lost, but rather transformed into massive amounts of energy. By controlling these reactions we can harness the energy.In other words, hopefully enough time for us to find cost-competitive greener ways of harnessing energy. As I mentioned above, there is a limited amount of fuel for nuclear power available.On the other hand, you could argue that nuclear energy is potentially sustainable by the use of breeder reactors and fusion reactors.While the advantages of using nuclear energy seem to be many, there are also plenty of negative effects of nuclear energy.The following are the most important ones: The radioactive waste can possess a threat to the environment and is dangerous for humans.We all remember the Chernobyl accident, where the harmful effects of nuclear radiation on humans can even be witnessed today.Estimates conclude that somewhere between 15 000 and 30 000 people lost their lifes in the Chernobyl aftermath and more than 2.5 million Ukrainians are still struggling with health problems related to nuclear waste.uranium), control and get rid of nuclear waste, as well as the maintenance of the plant.The reason this is under advantages is that nuclear energy is cost-competitive.This can work synergistic with renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.The electricity production from the plants can be lowered when good wind and solar resources are available and cranked up when the demand is high.

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