Ninety-Five Theses Definition

On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther was only ten days away from his thirty-fourth birthday.As he walked briskly from the monastery where he lived in Wittenberg, all the way down College Street, it took him only about ten minutes to get to the Castle Church.Elector Frederick the Wise did not permit these indulgences to be sold in Electoral Saxony, but Tetzel set up shop in the town of Jueterbog, just across the border.

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“As soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory].” Luther felt that these church officials were teaching people that they could literally buy their way into the kingdom of God or buy God’s favor.

His belief was that the papacy had deteriorated to the point that the people were being led to believe in man-made doctrines.

Luther was so despised by the church that a death warrant was issued, giving anyone permission to kill him. He who says that the cross with the Pope's arms, solemnly set on high, has as much power as the Cross of Christ, blasphemes God. Those bishops, curates, and theologists, who allow such speeches to be uttered among the people, will have one day to answer for it. Such impudent sermons concerning indulgences make it difficult even for learned men to protect the Pope's honor and dignity against the calumnies, or at all events against the searching questions, of the laymen. As for instance: - Why does not the Pope deliver all souls at the same time out of Purgatory for the sake of most holy love and on account of the bitterest distress of those souls - this being the most imperative of all motives, - while he saves an infinite number of souls for the sake of that most miserable thing money, to be spent on St. Peter's Minster with his own money - since his riches are now more ample than those of Crassus, - rather than with the money of poor Christians? Again: -Why does the Pope remit or give to those who, through perfect penitence, have already a right to plenary remission and pardon? Again: - What greater good could the Church receive, than if the Pope presented this remission and pardon a hundred times a day to every believer, instead of but once, as he does now? If the Pope seeks by his pardon the salvation of souls, rather than money, why does he annul letters of indulgence granted long ago, and declare them out of force, though they are still in force? To repress these very telling questions of the laymen by force, and not to solve them by telling the truth, is to expose the Church and the Pope to the enemy's ridicule and to make Christian people unhappy. Therefore, if pardons were preached according to the Pope's intention and opinion, all these objections would be easily answered, nay, they never had occurred. Away then with all those prophets who say to the community of Christ, "Peace, peace", and there is no peace. But blessed be all those prophets who say to the community of Christ, "The cross, the cross," and there is no cross. Christians should be exhorted to endeavor to follow Christ their Head through Cross, Death, and Hell, 95.

However, Luther was given protection by Prince Frederick of Saxony, a staunch defender of Luther. Peter's Minster: - this being the very slightest of motives? Or again: - Why do masses for the dead continue, and why does not the Pope return or permit to be withdrawn the funds which were established for the sake of the dead, since it is now wrong to pray for those who are already saved? Again: - What is this new holiness of God and the Pope that, for money's sake, they permit the wicked and the enemy of God to save a pious soul, faithful to God, and yet will not save that pious and beloved soul without payment, out of love, and on account of its great distress? Again: - Why is it that the canons of penance, long abrogated and dead in themselves, because they are not used, are yet still paid for with money through the granting of pardons, as if they were still in force and alive? And thus hope with confidence to enter Heaven through many miseries, rather than in false security.

there were eight in particular--Dumpling, Fancy, Lofty, Mist, Old Pretty, Young Pretty, Tidy, and Loud--who, though the teats of one or two were as hard as carrots, gave down to her with a readiness that made her work on them a mere touch of the fingers.

Question: "What are the 95 Theses of Martin Luther?

Albrecht and the Pope worked out a deal with the Fuggers that half of the profits would go to repay Albrecht’s loan, and the other half would be used for the construction of the church of Saint Peter in Rome.

Albrecht hired Johann Tetzel, a Dominican monk who had earned his reputation as a super salesman by selling indulgences for the Pope and the Fuggers since 1504.

" Answer: The “95 Theses” were written in 1517 by a German priest and professor of theology named Martin Luther.

His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church and were later instrumental in forming the movement known as the Protestant Reformation.


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