There are also many discussions of evil and associated problems in other philosophical fields, such as secular ethics, The experiential problem is the difficulty in believing in a concept of a loving God when confronted by suffering or evil in the real world, such as from epidemics, or wars, or murder, or rape or terror attacks wherein innocent children, women, men or a loved one becomes a victim.This argument is of the form modus tollens, and is logically valid: If its premises are true, the conclusion follows of necessity.
There are also many discussions of evil and associated problems in other philosophical fields, such as secular ethics, The experiential problem is the difficulty in believing in a concept of a loving God when confronted by suffering or evil in the real world, such as from epidemics, or wars, or murder, or rape or terror attacks wherein innocent children, women, men or a loved one becomes a victim.This argument is of the form modus tollens, and is logically valid: If its premises are true, the conclusion follows of necessity.Tags: English Language And Literature B CourseworkHow To Start My Own Wedding Planning BusinessJohns Hopkins Creative Writing DepartmentCollege Personal Essay ChecklistBluest Eye ThesisOrgan Donation Persuasive EssayFunny Thesis StatusExemplification Essay SampleBlank Lined Writing Paper
Richard Swinburne maintains that it does not make sense to assume there are greater goods that justify the evil's presence in the world unless we know what they are—without knowledge of what the greater goods could be, one cannot have a successful theodicy.
Thus, some authors see arguments appealing to demons or the fall of man as indeed logically possible, but not very plausible given our knowledge about the world, and so see those arguments as providing defences but not good theodicies.
The omnipotence paradoxes, where evil persists in the presence of an all powerful God, raise questions as to the nature of God's omnipotence.
There is the further question of how an interference would negate and subjugate the concept of free will, or in other words result in a totalitarian system that creates a lack of freedom.
Some solutions propose that omnipotence does not require the ability to actualize the logically impossible.
Explain The Problem Of Evil Essay Euripides Essays
"Greater good" responses to the problem make use of this insight by arguing for the existence of goods of great value which God cannot actualize without also permitting evil, and thus that there are evils he cannot be expected to prevent despite being omnipotent.In the fire a fawn is trapped, horribly burned, and lies in terrible agony for several days before death relieves its suffering." The evidential problem of evil (also referred to as the probabilistic or inductive version of the problem) seeks to show that the existence of evil, although logically consistent with the existence of God, counts against or lowers the probability of the truth of theism.As an example, a critic of Plantinga's idea of "a mighty nonhuman spirit" causing natural evils may concede that the existence of such a being is not logically impossible but argue that due to lacking scientific evidence for its existence this is very unlikely and thus it is an unconvincing explanation for the presence of natural evils.Besides philosophy of religion, the problem of evil is also important to the field of theology and ethics.The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil.To show that the first premise is plausible, subsequent versions tend to expand on it, such as this modern example: Both of these arguments are understood to be presenting two forms of the 'logical' problem of evil.They attempt to show that the assumed propositions lead to a logical contradiction and therefore cannot all be correct.People with free will "decide to cause suffering and act in other evil ways", states Boyd, and it is they who make that choice, not God.Critics of the free will response have questioned whether it accounts for the degree of evil seen in this world.One point in this regard is that while the value of free will may be thought sufficient to counterbalance minor evils, it is less obvious that it outweighs the negative attributes of evils such as rape and murder.Particularly egregious cases known as horrendous evils, which "[constitute] prima facie reason to doubt whether the participant’s life could (given their inclusion in it) be a great good to him/her on the whole," have been the focus of recent work in the problem of evil.