This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed. This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews.
The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research.
An effective literature review is important for the complete life cycle of a research from defining the right research goals to correctly interpreting and presenting the research results.
Writing a literature review requires you to read through and collate several research articles and literature sources.
It should be a critical and analytical summary of the selected literature that guides the readers through the central theme of the research.
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Body is normally used for describing the different themes under the main topic by dividing them into different subheadings.
Once the sample studies have been shortlisted, they are analyzed in detail.
Results: The results section for these studies involves comprehensive data analysis to determine the significance of the study outcomes.
Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.
Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results.