Auditors need to consider the client’s countries of operation and evaluate the risk of foreign customers and counterparties failing to settle their obligations due to economic, political, and social factors of their country.In addition, they also need to consider the markets in which the client operates.
For auditors, the first-time client tends to indicate increased engagement risk and the procedures to be undertaken when assessing the engagement risk need to be more rigorously applied because: Measuring these interactions and assessing the consolidated risk profile are two key tasks of the audit group.
At present, the auditors identify five risks “cylinders”: credit, market (including rate risk), operations, reputation, and liquidity.
(CICA, 1995) To acquire a knowledge of a business auditors may wish to understand some or all of the following matters that will ultimately facilitate the performance of an effective and efficient audit and enable auditing company to serve as effective business advisers: Auditors may seek to understand the risk management processes that address business risks specific to a first time client.
They would not necessarily represent specific risks related to account balances and potential error(s).
Auditors also review for any signs of deteriorating performance such as increased delinquency ratios for consumer and credit card loans; increases in nonperforming assets; decreasing coverage of the provision (allowance) for loan losses to nonperforming loans and assets and the total loan portfolio.
However, this review has one inherent weakness: knowledgeable management can manipulate various pictures to draw rather a plausible picture when needed.
Fineout-Overholt E, Melnyk BM, Stillwell SB and Williamson KM (2010) Critical appraisal of the evidence: part I.
An introduction to gathering, evaluating and recording the evidence, American Journal of Nursing, 110 (7), pp.47-52.
This accords with the CICA guidelines that these perceptions and redefinitions first grow out of behavior and only later condense into a management philosophy.
Thus the new approach to risk management will inevitably supplant the old, at least in strategically transforming banks. Whether the stable of risks, in other words, contains three, four, or thirteen horses will depend upon the size, complexity, and sheer style of particular companies.